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CACAK

15 April 2009 No Comment

cacak-centarCacak is one of the biggest and the most important economic, educational, cultural, health and sports centres of Serbia. The city is located on the bank of the river Western Morava, and it is about 30 kilometres far away from “Vajati”. At the time of the last official records, Cacak became the fourt biggest city in central Serbia with 117. 072 inhabitants. Belgrade, Nis and Kragujevac are the only three cities bigger than Cacak. It is a city famous not only for its cultural and historical monuments, museums, exhibitions, beautiful nature and the environments, but also for its great atmosphere and exciting night life…

The tumultuous history of Cacak and its surroundings has left behind many cultural and historical monuments. Many of those monuments were damaged or distroyed due to the wars in the past. However, a certain number of these monuments was preserved and they are tourist attractions of this city.

- Roman baths: They originate from the fourth century, the time when this area was a part of the Roman province of Dalmatia. It is the oldest material monument showing us the history of this city, and it is situated in the city centre.

- Accomodation house of Jovan Obrenovic: It was built in the oriental-balcanic style in 1835. Then, the seat of the district was in Cacak, and it was headed by Jovan Obrenovic, a brother of Milos Obrenovic. Above the entrance, on the main facade, there is a painted coat-of -arms of the Obrenovics (the only one preserved in Serbia). Today, there is a permanent exhibition of the National Museum in the accomodation house.

- A mounment devoted to the heroes from the First World War: erected in 1934 and devoted to the killed Serbian fighters, but it was also devoted to the enemy fighters killed in the same war. It is unique in the whole world. On one of its sides there is an orthodox cross, on the other side there is a catholic cross, on the third side there is an islamic semi-moon, and on the fourth side – a Jewish star.

- A mounment devoted to Tanasko Rajic: a historic event which marked the 19th century in Cacak was the fight on the hill of Ljubic, which had a crucial influence on the outcome of the Second Serbian Uprising. The monument was built as a sign of gratitude to the famous gunner called Tanasko Rajic, who died in 1815.

- A mounment devoted to duke Stepa Stepanovic: it is located it the centre of the city, in front of the post office. Plates have been set along the way from the monument up to the house in which Stepa Stepanovic had lived, with the years of battles, in which he had participated, inscribed on them.

- A mounment devoted to the participants of Hadzi-Prodan’s rebellion: it is located in the port of the old church in Trnava. It has the shape of the unwrapped flag and it constantly reminds of those who fought under the flag of Hadzi-Prodan Gligorijevic in 1814.

- Artistic gallery called “Nadezda Petrovic”: It was founded in 1961 and it is one of the oldest and the most importaint institutions of this type in the country. The gallery was named Nadezda Petrovic (1873-1915), who was born in Cacak, and who was the most important woman painter from the beginning of the 20th century, whose paintings connected the Serbian art with the contemporary European artistic streams. The gallery’s activity is following the contemporary painting production through the exhibiting activity as well as the protection of mobile cultural goods. The gallery possesses 400 exhibiting units which represent Serbian art.

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